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#6 ADL – Knowing, Understanding, and Doing

Cindy Davis
Written by Cindy Davis

How well do you perceive, reason, remember, and judge what’s going on around you?  Cognitive impairment that interferes with one’s daily life and usual activities is characterized by:

  • Deteriorating intellectual ability that requires increasing supervision for protection of yourself and others;
  • Forgetting the recent and distant past;
  • Asking the same question frequently or repeating the same story over and over again;
  • Failing to recognize familiar people and places;
  • Making poor decisions, such as knowing what to do in an emergency;
  • Declining concentration to plan and carry out tasks such as following a recipe or keeping track of monthly bills; and
  • Learning and processing new information difficulty.

Risk factors that contribute to cognitive impairment include:

  • Normal aging;
  • Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias;
  • Infrequent participation in mentally and socially engaging activities;
  • Other medical conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, elevated cholesterol, and depression; and
  • Lifestyle choices including smoking and lack of physical exercise.

Note:  Diagnosis of cognitive impairment incorporates an evaluation of one’s medical history, physical condition, neurological, psychological, and/or psychiatric assessment, and lab tests.

About the author

Cindy Davis

Cindy Davis

Serial entrepreneur and former full-time caregiver for eight years to her father with multiple chronic conditions. A graduate of Dartmouth College with a Bachelor of Arts in Pre-Medicine and Asian Studies; and a Master of Business Administration degree recipient in marketing and finance from UCLA Anderson Graduate School of Management. Currently lives in Dallas, Texas with her teenage son and advises businesses on strategic planning, marketing, finance, and operations as owner of Next Level Consulting, Inc.

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